Salmaan (RA) reports, “On the last day of Sha-baan Rasulullah (SAW) addressed us and said, ‘0 people there comes over you now a great month, a most blessed month in which lies a night more greater in virtue than a thousand months. It is a month in which Allah has made Fasting compulsory by day. And has made sunnah the Taraaweeh by night. Whosoever intends drawing near to Allah by performing any virtuous deed, for such person shall be the reward like the one who had performed a fardh in any other time. And whoever performs a fardh, shall be blessed with the reward of seventy faraa-idh in any other time.
This is indeed the month of patience, and the reward for true patience is Jannah ( paradise. It is the month of sympathy with one’s fellowmen. It is the month wherein a true believer’s rizq is increased. Whosoever feeds another who fasted, in order to break the fast at sunset, for the feeder there shall be forgiveness of sins and emancipation from the fire of Jahannam (hell}, and for such feeder shall be the same reward as the one who Fasted (who he fed) without that persons reward being decreased in the least.”
Thereupon we said, “0 messenger of Allah, not all of us possess the means whereby we can give a fasting person to break his fast.” Rasulullah (SAW) replied, “Allah grants the same reward to the one who gives a fasting person to break the fast a mere date, or a drink of water, or a sip of milk.
“This is a month, the first of which brings Allah’s mercy, the middle of which brings His forgiveness and the last of which brings emancipation from the fire of Jahan-nam.”
“Whosoever lessens the burden of his servants (bonds-men) in this month, Allah will forgive him and free him from the fire of Jahannam.”
“And in this month four things you should continue to perform in great number, two of which shall be to please your Lord, while the other two shall be those without which you cannot do. Those which shall be to please your Lord, are that you should in great quantity bear witness that there is no deity to worship except Allah (i.e. recite the Kalimah Tayyibah Laa llaaha illallaah) and make much Istighfaar beg Allah’s forgiveness with Astagirfirul-laah).” And as for those without which you cannot do, you should beg of Allah, entrance into paradise and ask refuge in Him from Jahannam.”
“And whoever gave a person who fasted water to drink, Allah shall grant that giver to drink from My fountain, such a drink where after that person shall never again feel thirsty until he enters Jannah.”
(Saheeh ibn Khuzaimah)
Abu Hurayrah relates that Rasulullah (SAW) said, “My Ummah were given five things for Ramadhaan which were not given to anyone except them. For them, the smell from the mouth of a fasting person is more sweeter to Allah than the fragrant smell of musk. On their behalf the fish in the sea seek forgiveness for the fasting persons until they break their fast. Allah prepares and decorates a special garden in Jannah everyday and then says (to it), “The time is near when faithful servants shall cast aside the great trials of the world and come to you”. In this month (for them) evil-minded Shaytaan is chained so as not to reach unto those evils to which they normally reach during other months besides Ramadhaan. On the last night of Ramadhaan they are forgiven”.
The Sahaabah R.A. thereupon enquired, “0 Messenger of Allah, is that last night Laylatul Qadr? Rasulullah (SAW) replied, “No. But it is only right that a servant should be given his reward on having completed his service”.
(Musnad e Ahmad, Bazzaar and Bayhaqi)
Kaab bin Ujra relates, “Rasulullah (SAW) said, “Come near to the minbar”. And we came near to the mimbar.
When he ascended the First step of the mimbar he said “Aameen”. When he ascended the second step of the mimbar he said, “Aameen”. When he ascended the third step he said, “Aameen”.
When he descended we said, “0 Rasul of Allah, we have heard from you today something which we never heard before”. He said, ”When I ascended the first step Jibra-eel A.S. appeared before me and said, “Woe to him who found the blessed month of Ramadhaan and let it pass by without gaining forgiveness”, Upon that I said, “Aameen”. When I ascended the second step, he said “Woe to him before whom thy name is mentioned and then does not read Durood (salaat alan Nabi) on you”. I replied “Aameen”. When I ascended the third step he said, “Woe unto the person in whose presence both parents or one of them attain old age, and (through failure to serve them) is not allowed to enter Jannah” I said “Aameen”.
(Mustadrak of Imam Haakim)
Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaahu anhu) reports: Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said: “There are three people whose “Du’aa” is not rejected; the fasting person until he breaks the fast, the just ruler, and the oppressed person, whose ‘Dua’ Allah lifts above the clouds and opens unto it the doors of heaven, and Allah says: “I swear by My honour, verily I shall assist you, even though it may be after some time.”
Ibn Umar (Radhi Allaho anho) relates: Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said: ‘Verily Allah and His Malaa’ikah send Mercy upon those who eat ‘Sehri’ (sower-Suhoor).”
Abu Hurayrah reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Whosoever eats on one day of Ramadhaan without a valid reason or excuse or genuine illness (acceptable in Shari-ah), shall never be able to compensate for that day even by fasting the rest of his life”
( Musnad e Ahmad, Tirmizhi, Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah)
Amongst the nights of Ramadhaan there is one called “Laylatul Qadr” a night that is noted for its great blessings. The Qur’aan Kareem describes it as being greater in blessedness and spiritual virtue than a thousand months which in turn means that it is greater than eighty three years and four months.
Fortunate indeed is that person who attains the full blessings of this night by spending it in ‘ibaadah of Allah, because he has then attained reward for ‘ibaadah of eighty three years and four months and even more. Indeed the granting of this night to the faithful Muslim is a great favour.
Abu Hurayrah reports Rasulullah S.W. said, “Whoever stands in prayer and ‘ibaadah on the night of Power with sincere faith and with sincere hope of gaining reward, his previous sins are forgiven”
(Reported in Al Targheeb from Bukhari and Muslim)
Anas reports, “Once when Ramadhaan commenced, the Messenger of Allah said, ‘A month has verily dawned over you wherein lies a night better than one thousand months. However is deprived of its blessings has indeed deprived of (almost) all good. And none is deprived of its good except he who is completely unfortunate’”.
Anas R.A. reports that Rasulullah S.W. SW said, “On the Night or Power Jibraeel A.S. descends to the earth with the group of angels, praying for blessings on every servant of Allah they see standing in worship or sitting and celebrating Allah’s praises. Then on the day of ‘Iyd. Allah boasts about them to the angels, “O angels, what is the reward of that employee who had fully completed his service?” they reply, ‘O our Sustainer, his reward should be given in full’. To this Allah replies; ‘O my angels, verily My servants, the ales among them as well as the females have performed the obligatory duty upon them, thereafter they set forth to the ‘Iydgaah raising their voices n prayer to Me. I swear by My honour, by My Grace, by My High Position of greatness, that I shall surely answer the prayer of those people”. Thereafter Allah says (addressing the people) “Return, certainly I have forgiven your sins and have exchanged your evil deeds withs righteous ones”. Rasulullah S.W. SW said, “Those people then return (from the ‘Iydgaah) in forgiven state.
(Reported by Bayhaqi in Shu-abul Iymaan)
Aa’ishah radhial-laahu an-haa reports that Rasulullah S.W. (S.A.W.) said, “Seek Laylatul Qadr among the odd numbered nights of the last ten days of the month of Ramadhaan”.
‘Ubaadah bin ‘Saamit R.A. said, ‘Once Rasulullah S.W. S.W. came out to inform us the true date of Laylatul Qadr. (Unfortunately at that time) an argument took place between two muslim men, whereupon he said, “I came out in order to inform you as to when Laylatul Qadr was, but because two people argued (the fixing of the correct date) was taken away. Perhaps that is better for you. So seek it among the ninth, seventh and fifth nights”.
Ubaadah bin Saamit (Radhiallaho anho) reports that he asked the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) about “Laylatul Qadr”. He replied: “It is in Ramadhan, during the last ten days, on the unevenly numbered nights, either the 21st 23rd, 25th, 27th, 29th or the last night of Ramadhan. Whosoever stands in “Ibaadah” on this night, with sincere faith and with genuine hopes of gaining reward, his previous sins will be forgiven. Among the signs of this night is that it is a serene, quiet, shining night, neither hot, nor cold but temperate as if a moon is shining clear, and no meteors are shot at the “Shayateen” on that night; it lasts until the break of the dawn. Another sign is that at morn, the Sun rises without any radiant beams of light, appearing rather like the moon in it’s fullness. On that day, Allah prohibits the “Shayateen” from rising up with the Sun.”
Aaisha (RadhiAllaho anha) reports: “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam), should I find myself the “Laylatul Qadr”, hat shall I pray. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) replied: say, Allaahumma innaka afuwwun tohibbu al’afwa fa’fu anna “O Allah, Thou art the One who grants pardon for sins. Thou lovest to pardon, so O pardon me.”
(Timirdhi and Ibn Majah)
taken from ‘Virtues Of Ramadhan’ by Hazrat Shaykh Zakariyyah rahimahullahu ta’ala